Samba is open source implementation for SMB Protocol and CIFS protocol (definition SMB Protocol – The Server Message Block Protocol (SMB protocol) is a client-server communication protocol used for sharing access to files, printers, serial ports and other resources on a network). Most modern Windows based systems use SMB2 or SMB3 while Linux uses Samba enables all network communication of Linux systems.
Installation of SAMBA
To install Samba use the dnf command ( Follow link for detailed article on DNF command usage – How to use DNF package manager command in Linux ).
dnf install samba samba-client
By default SAMBA is not required for normal functioning of Linux systems. In case you require it you need to install it. Post installation if you want to start SAMBA at boot you need to enable it.
sudo systemctl enable –now smb
Configure firewalld to allow SAMBA
To allow SAMBA to communicate from behind a firewall use the below command. In our system we are using firewalld as default firewall application.
sudo firewall-cmd –permanent –add-service=samba
For detailed guide on usage of firewalld refer our post
Configure SAMBA serve
Samba server can be used to share directories as well as you can attach a printer to the linux system and use it for printing from the Windows system.
SAMBA configuration file
Default samba configuration file is /etc/samba/smb.conf which can be used for sharing directories as well as printer.
For allowing your Linux system to join the Windows workgroup, provide details of the Samba server by editing the following lines in your /etc/samba/smb.conf file
workgroup = WORKGROUPNAME
server string = BRIEF COMMENT ABOUT SERVER
Now we will share a directory on the network. For this we will make below changes of our configuration file
comment = Insert a comment here
path = /home/share/
valid users = allowed usernames
writable = yes
create mask = 0xxx
comment = This is internal share folder
path = /myfolder/
valid users = infojinx
writable = yes
create mask = 0765
Configure Printer Server on SAMBA server
In a big network where it’s required to manage print files, give selective rights for printing and Job prioritizing, one can you use print server
comment = All Printers
path = /var/spool/samba
printer admin = provide username you want to make dmin
create mask = 0600
guest ok = Yes
printable = Yes
use client driver = Yes
browseable = Yes
Create spool folder
You will need to create a spool folder and give it required permission. Use the below commands for the same.
mkdir -p /var/spool/samba/
chmod 1777 /var/spool/samba/
In global section add lines
printing = CUPS